How does civil society self-organise infrastructure, and what are the drivers and barriers for such self-organisation? This project aimed to answer that question, with an empirical focus on community energy initiatives.

‘Community energy’ refers to energy projects in which communities have a high degree of ownership and control over the maintenance and revenues. Or in other words: initiatives in which citizens ‘self-organise’ their energy supply. This project unravelled drivers and challenges for the self-organisation of community energy. This research was based on (1) literature reviews of self-organisation theories and sustainable energy transition studies, in combination with (2) in-depth case-studies of self-organised energy initiatives in four European countries: The Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom and Belgium.


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